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Explore new power operation mode to promote the sustainable development of power industry

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According to the climate index by industry report, the first quarter of 2016, the industry of electric power industry boom index for 98.1, compared with the fourth quarter of 2015 fell 0.7 points, down 1.3 points over the same period last year; the two quarter showed the obvious rise, the industry of electric power industry index was 98.6, compared with the first quarter increased by 0.5 points. Although somewhat volatile, the two quarter returned to the same level last year. A quarter of early warning indicators in the electric power industry was 75, compared with the previous quarter, down 8.3 points, once again into the cold "blue light district"; the two quarter, early warning indicators in the power industry reached 79.2, has improved, but still in the cold state.

Power consumption growth has improved, the electricity structure continues to adjust. CEC data show that in the first half of 2016, the total electricity consumption of 2 trillion and 780 billion kwh, an increase of 2.7%, the growth rate of 1.4 percentage points higher than the same period last year. Among them, the third industrial electricity consumption grew 9.2%, the growth rate increased 1.2 percentage points over the same period last year; electricity consumption of urban and rural residents grew 7.7%, 2.9 percentage points higher than the same period last year; the first industrial electricity consumption grew by 7.7%. Second industrial power by transferring the drop ", an increase of 0.5%, but manufacturing electricity consumption fell by 0.3%, chemical raw material products, non-metallic mineral products, ferrous metal smelting, non-ferrous metal smelting four high energy consuming industries of electricity consumption fell 3.3%, a decline of 1.8 percentage points higher than the same period last year.

The electric power industry plays an important role in adjusting the structure and reducing the cost. According to the "on the lower coal-fired electricity price and general commercial and industrial electricity prices notice", since January 1, 2016, the national coal-fired electricity price per kWh by about 3 cents, business sales price per kWh of electricity by about 3 cents, the price will not be adjusted by industry, reducing the small and micro enterprises the burden. In January 2016, the national development and Reform Commission and the Ministry of industry jointly issued the "notice" on the cement enterprises to implement the relevant problems of electricity price ladder policy, common portland cement production to eliminate outside kiln type implement electricity than clinker (cement) based on integrated power consumption level standard price ladder policy, further to achieve high penalty award low, around the same time can be combined with the actual situation in the above provisions on the basis of further increase efforts to implement the price ladder. In June 2016, the national development and Reform Commission issued a notice to improve the implementation of the basic electricity price of the two tariff consumers, reducing the basic electricity burden of large industrial users and reducing the operating costs of the real economy.

The development of power industry faces challenges. In the first half of 2016, the producer price of the power industry continued to decline since 2015, and the decline has expanded. Although the price of coal and electricity continues to decline, the income and profits of the power industry have declined as a result of the decline in electricity prices. The first half of 2016, the scale of power, heat, gas and water production and supply of business income of 2 trillion and 560 billion yuan, down 2%, to achieve profit of 226 billion 8 million yuan, down 3.7%. In the first half of 2016, the major power enterprises in China invested 121 billion yuan in power projects, down 8.7% over the same period of last year. Among them, thermal power investment fell by 6.4%, hydropower investment fell by 17.9%, nuclear power investment grew by 5.1%, and wind power investment dropped by 38.4%.

The system problem is the key factor that restricts the development of power industry. For a long time, the development of the market system of China's electric power industry is slow, not fully play a decisive role in the market in resource allocation, supply and demand of electricity price and market issues, resource shortage and excess resources coexist, the vitality of enterprises has not been fully released, to a certain extent limits the transformation and upgrade of industry. In 2015, "the CPC Central Committee and the State Council on further deepening the reform of a number of opinions" proposed to establish the power industry law, separating the main specification, fair and reasonable price, effective regulation of the market system overall requirements, related work has made some progress, but because of the impact of a wide range of stakeholders. There are still many difficulties in power system reform.

Deepening the reform of the power system and promoting the transformation and upgrading of the power industry. Electric power is a basic industry in the national economy. Deepening the reform of the power system is not only the inherent requirement of the development of the industry, but also of great significance to the promotion of China's economic vitality. At present, the supply side structural reform comprehensively promoted, the power industry to "production capacity", "tune structure" pressure gradually increased. Fully understand the important role of power system reform, and further rationalize the relationship between the various aspects of the electric power industry, to improve the regulation of electric power trading platform, trading behavior, electricity price formation mechanism reform breakthrough bottleneck, strengthen the power industry development foundation; actively promote the power of direct trading, summary of pilot experience, innovation power trading mechanism, to further play the role of market mechanism in the power trading; improve the market exit mechanism, pay attention to the market mechanism to play a role in the elimination of backward production capacity; improve the innovation mechanism of electric power industry, focus on the progress of major technological breakthroughs and important technology, to explore the impact of a new round of technological revolution and the industrial revolution of the power industry development, explore the new mode of operation of power, the power industry continued to promote the development of.

Original title: to lead the development of power industry reform